Utiliza este identificador para citar o vincular este elemento: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/35477
Títulos: Interaction of carbapenems and β-lactamase inhibitors towards CTX-M-15 and CTX-M-15G238C mutant
Autores/as: Sabatini, Alessia
Brisdelli, Fabrizia
Celenza, Giuseppe
Marcoccia, Francesca
Colapietro, Martina
Tavío Pérez, María del Mar 
Piccirilli, Alessandra
Amicosante, Gianfranco
Perilli, Mariagrazia
Clasificación UNESCO: 320103 Microbiología clínica
Palabras clave: CTX-M-15
Extended-spectrum β-lactamase
ESBL
Site-directed mutagenesis
Carbapenems
Fecha de publicación: 2017
Revistas: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 
Resumen: Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of residue 238 in CTX-M-15 and CTX-M-15(G238C) mutant with respect to carbapenems and various beta-lactamase inhibitors. Methods: A CTX-M-15(G238C) laboratory mutant was generated by site-directed mutagenesis from CTX-M-15 enzyme by replacing glycine 238 with cysteine. Thiol titration and p-chloromercuribenzoate (PCMB) inactivation assays were used to ascertain the presence of a disulfide bridge in the active site of CTX-M15(G238C). Kinetic parameters were determined both for CTX-M-15 and CTX-M-15(G238C) enzymes by analysing either the complete hydrolysis time courses or under initial rate conditions. Results: In CTX-M-15(G238C) mutant, the two cysteines (C69 and C238) located in the enzyme active site were unable to form a disulfide bridge. CTX-M-15 and thermostable CTX-M-15(G238C) were used to study the kinetic interaction with carbapenems, which behaved as poor substrates for both enzymes. Meropenem and ertapenem acted as transient inactivators for CTX-M-15 and CTX-M-15(G238C), and for these compounds the variation of k(obs) versus the inactivator concentration was linear. Imipenem behaved as a transient inactivator for CTX-M-15 and as an inactivator (with k(+3) = 0) for CTX-M-15(G238C). In any case, the k(+2)/K values for CTX-M-15(G238C) were higher than those for CTX-M-15. Conclusions: Compared with CTX-M-15, CTX-M-15(G238C) mutant appears to have a more favourable conformation for carbapenem acylation and higher activity against cefotaxime, which could be due to the presence of free -SH groups in the enzyme active site.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/35477
ISSN: 2213-7165
DOI: 10.1016/j.jgar.2017.04.004
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